The cradle of Swedish industry is said to be found in Motala. It founded the Baltzar von Platen, Motala 1822. A strategic location, given that the workshop would provide for the construction of the canal with a large amount of iron parts, tool, locks and bridges.
The construction of the canal, in turn, was a prerequisite for what later would be called industrialization. They needed faster transportation routes for the material to be processed and the finished products. The idea of a canal had been around long before von Platen presented their thoughts "treatise on canaler by Sweden". Already in the 1500s, Bishop Brask, he with tag, been thinking about it. So you can probably imagine that channel the idea had taken root when von Platen 1806 presented his thesis for King Gustav IV Adolf. The king said yes to the project a couple of years later, 1810 put one shovel in the ground. But the industrial history is far older than that, 600 year, more particularly. Hydroelectric, large forests, the ore and transportation on Vättern made attractive area for preparing, from among other flour and matches the Steel, boats and locomotive. Among the first establishments is what came to be Forsviks use. Here, at the farm forsvik, where Lake Creek flows into Lake Bottom and lake, was in the early 1400s flour mill. The farm was donated to the Vadstena who built a sawmill and a forge. Water sawmill in Forsvik is the country's first known sawmill that is mentioned in writing. In Forsviks vattensåg sawn boards to the monastery building in Vadstena. The monastery adopts early even a hammer mill. At the Reformation 1527 and the monastery's dissolution became forsvik to the Crown. Wood sawed in Forsvik was transported to the castle in Vadstena Gustav Vasa started building. Today Forsviks use a popular museum with historic buildings, exciting exhibitions, a working railway and also whatever the visitor needs in the form of rations.
One of the few surviving huts
We travel further in the industrial history of track and find a piece Vätterns north along the western shore of one of the country's few surviving cabin facilities, Igelbäcken blast, located only a few meters from the national highway 49. The original hut was built 1696 and was one of many hundreds of foundries in the region that benefited from ore deposits and forests milades to coal, the most important ingredient to transform the ore into pig iron. The current hut from the early 1800s was driven right up to the 1923.
We set the trip continues north, Askersund past and on to Zinkgruvan, Perhaps best known as a major producer of zinc- and ore. The current mining down to the 1300 meters may not sommarturistens goals. However, it is the origin of today's mining, and then slopes we return again to the Middle Ages. Already in the 1200s iron ore was mined in several mines in the area northeast of Lake Vättern. For a number of years during 1300's first half was Saint Birgitta Garpa, Västerby, Amme and Nyhytte mines which she inherited from her father Birger Persson. After several changes of ownership and development of mining through the centuries as we arrive at 1863 when Alfred Nobel test blasts in Knalla mine. And it is here you will find it interesting visit to the goal, Zinkgruvans museum. A museum which in many ways is alive with guided both above and below ground. Since a few years back, you have the option to go with experienced miners 200 meters down.
Again road, Now south and Motala and the real cradle of industrialization. Here too, we meet at a still successful high-tech industrial company with the same name as the Baltzar von Plan laid the foundation - Motala Works. But it is not here a vacationing visitors find their way, but Motala Industrial Museum on the site next to the canal where the business started. Here, a variety of objects from the start of construction of the canal to the current production is viewed and admired. Carlsund Loket from 1862, a heretofore 1300 built locomotive, which 700 the steam locomotive. Another example is a sjöångmaskin from 1915 that the ship Lancheron be delivered to St. Petersburg. World war and revolution got in the way as boat and engine remained in Motala.
Limestone has been mined in the area north of Omberg since the Middle Ages. The stone has been used as building material for both Alvastra of the canal, and not least Karlsborg Fortress. Limestone mining continues everywhere even in Borghamn where two stone industry extracts and refines stone for construction, main floor, staircases, countertops, etc.. Borghamn, besides quarrying has served as a fishing port, is well worth a visit, but looking a stone museum, there is indeed such a Örberga at the church just south of Vadstena.
To find the next target in the hunt for exciting industrial carries it south, Huskvarna, city that can be said to be hopväxt with Jonkoping. To list all the products manufactured under the Husqvarna brand would be a long list. Here, the story back to 1620 New rifle factory then formed. It was a decision of the Gustavus Adolphus, which was at war with several countries. When he became king he inherited three wars and later he came to participate in several other. This meant that they needed to ensure weapons production in the country and thus the decision was made five so-called factories, which was a Jonkoping. Eventually moved to Huskvarna Jönköping rifle factory in order to take advantage of Huskvarna case and was eventually in what today is Husqvarna. For many it is certainly the name of Husqvarna associated with weapons. Others may think more of sewing machines, motorcycles, chainsaws ... That said, list of items manufactured under the brand name is long and Husqvarna production and importance for Sweden is illustrated in the best way at the Husqvarna Museum run by the Huskvarna Local History Society, with support from Husqvarna AB. The collection is complete with many interesting surprises that attempt in the 1960s to launch a hot dog machine with mikrovågseknik. And this was with spelling. Husqvarna name comes from the mill on the case already 1528 named 'Husquernen', Housing mill. Modern language changed city name to Huskvarna while the company Husqvarna retained the old spelling form.
The stick that conquered the world
Campfires have been vital to man. Flinta, steel and tinder was replaced in the early 1800s with phosphorous match, in a many pieces lethal invention. Sticks could beat the fire only by contact between two sticks. This caused numerous incidents and accidents. Most serious was that the needles contained the toxic yellow phosphorus. So this kind of matches was banned in more and more countries. This triggered a Swedish researcher, Gustaf Erik Pasch invented the safety match "light only on the box plan". Pasch received a patent but failed to commercialization. It was instead jönköping bördige John Edvard Lundström who started Jönköping match. Experiments with sticks and Plan took their time, but at the World Exhibition in Paris 1855 turned the stick work and aroused great interest. This is only a selection from the history of this Swedish blockbuster product. You obviously want to know more and visit as the world's only match museum which is located in Jönköping. In match the original factory building 1848 to life säkerhetständstickans history.
The only remaining match factory
A piece of the north, west of Lake Vättern and a piece of inland, Tidaholm, we find more match history, and actually, Sweden's only remaining match factory owned by Swedish Match. About how it was that Ivar Kreuger in the late 1920s controlled 72 percent of the world match production and how the story developed after the, yes it will get to visit Tidaholms museum to learn more about. And how it came about that in Tidaholm also between 1903 and 1934 manufactured 1000 vehicle, cars and trucks at Tidaholms Use. Even after that period made some vehicles here, most of specialtyp, as fire trucks and armored cars, under the name Tidaholm Works.